LARAVEL Tutorial


Laravel 6 Import Data Into Mysql Database From Excel/CSV


In this article, you will learn how to import Excel or CSV data into MySQL database in the laravel web application using the maatwebsite package with an example.

When you work with any Laravel web application. So you may need to upload data from MySQL database in laravel web application with many different formats like CSV and Excel.

In this tutorial, we will show in an easy and simple way to import data into mysql database using Excel and CSV files in Laravel web applications.

Laravel Import CSV and Excel From Database Example Tutorial

  • Install Laravel Application
  • Configure Database Detail
  • Run Migration
  • Install Maatwebsite Package
  • Generate Fake Data in Table
  • Create Routes
  • Generate Controller By Artisan
  • Generate Import Class by Artisan
  • Create Blade View
  • Start Development Server

Install Laravel Application

First Step, you need to download or install laravel web application new setup on your local machine. you can use the following command to download or install laravel application new setup:

composer create-project laravel/laravel laravel-import –-prefer-dist

If you want to install a specific version of laravel, you can follow the following tutorial

https://w3alert.com/laravel-tutorial/laravel-install-on-windows-ubuntu-with-composer

Configure Database Detail

After that, you will set up the database credentials in .env file. So open your .env file and update database credentials following:

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=database_name
DB_USERNAME=root
DB_PASSWORD=root

Run Migration

Before you will run php artisan migrate command. Go to app/providers/AppServiceProvider.php and update the below code :

..
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
 
....
function boot()
{
    Schema::defaultStringLength(191);
}
... 

Next, go to command prompt and run the following command:

php artisan migrate

OR

php artisan migrate:fresh

This php artisan migrate command creates a table in your database.

Install Maatwebsite Package

Next, you need to Install Maatwebsite Package in your laravel web applications. So go to your command prompt and run the following command to install the latest laravel Install Maatwebsite Package:

composer require maatwebsite/excel

When the package of Maatwebsite Package is installed. After that this package will have to be registered in the Laravel web application of the app. For this, you can register this package of instruction follow below.

App_root_directory/config/app.php

 'providers' => [
   
  Maatwebsite\Excel\ExcelServiceProvider::class,

],

 'aliases' => [

  'Excel' => Maatwebsite\Excel\Facades\Excel::class,

] 

When you will register the package of Maatwesite. After that, the package will have to be published with the command following command.

php artisan vendor:publish

Generate Fake data in Table

Next, we need to generate fake data into the MySQL database table by using php artisan command. So go to your command prompt (cli) and then go to your project root directory. After that run the following command:

php artisan tinker

After run the php artisan tinker. Use the following command. This command will add 200 fake data in your MySQL database table users:

>>> factory(App\User::class, 200)->create();

Create Routes

Next step, go to routes/web.php file and update the following routes into your file:

Route::get('import', 'ImportController@index');
Route::post('import', 'ImportController@import');

Generate Import Class by Artisan

Here, you can create an import class by using the following PHP artisan command. So go to your command prompt type the following command:

php artisan make:import ImportUsers --model=User

After that, Go to the app/Imports/ImportUsers.php and your created import class looks like:

<?php
  
namespace App\Imports;
  
use App\User;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Concerns\ToModel;
  
class ImportUsers implements ToModel
{
    /**
    * @param array $row
    *
    * @return \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model|null
    */
    public function model(array $row)
    {
        return new User([
            'name'     => $row[0],
            'email'    => $row[1], 
        ]);
    }
}

Generate Controller By Artisan

Now, you need to generate or create a controller file using php artisan command, so use the php artisan make:controller command and generate/create a new controller file:

php artisan make:controller ImportController

In this controller file, we will create some new methods. This method will also show import form and import data into mysql database..

After that, go to App/Http/Controllers/ directory and find the created ImportController file and update the following code into your file:

<?php
   
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
  
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use App\Imports\ImportUsers;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Facades\Excel;
  
class ImportController extends Controller
{
    /**
    * @return \Illuminate\Support\Collection
    */
    public function index()
    {
       return view('import');
    }
   
    /**
    * @return \Illuminate\Support\Collection
    */
    public function import(Request $request) 
    {
        Excel::import(new ImportUsers, request()->file('file'));
           
        return back();
    }

}

Create Blade Views

Next, you need to create a blade views file, so go resource/views directory and create the following blade views file.

Go to resource/views/ then create a new file name import.blade.php and update the following code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Laravel Import Data From Excel File Into database - w3alert.com</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/twitter-bootstrap/4.1.3/css/bootstrap.min.css" />
</head>
<body>
   
<div class="container">
    <div class="card mt-4">
        <div class="card-header">
            Laravel Import Data From Excel File Into database
        </div>
        <div class="card-body">
            <form action="{{ url('import') }}" method="POST" name="importform" 
               enctype="multipart/form-data">
                {{ csrf_token() }}
                <input type="file" name="file" class="form-control">
                <br>
                <button class="btn btn-success">Import File</button>
            </form>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
   
</body>
</html>

Start development server

You can use the following command artisan command to start the development server:

php artisan serve

The final step, go to your browser and type the below-given URL into your browser:

http://localhost:8000/import

OR

http://localhost/laravel-import/public/import

You can also download laravel import excel or CSV web application here Download